The ‘Spanish Masters from the Hermitage. The world of El Greco, Ribera, Zurbarán, Velázquez, Murillo & Goya’ exhibition can be admired in the Hermitage until 29 May. This exhibition draws attention to the broader context of painting in the Spanish Golden Century (second half of the sixteenth and the seventeenth century) and the echoes and continuation in subsequent centuries.
Spanish masterpieces were created during the reign of Philip II, the absolute monarch of a colonial empire who enforced strict rules for Catholic paintings. The period that followed was dominated by artists including Francisco de Zurbáran, also known as the Spanish Caravaggio.
A great many aspects of Spanish history are highlighted in this collection, such as the horrors of Napoleon’s conquest in 1808, bullfighting and Mediterranean pub life. The variation of the exhibition is also expressed in the alternation of Spanish painting styles: Baroque, Rococo, dramatic realism and spiritual minimalism.
Today the Hollandsche Schouwburg is a monument and war memorial, before the Second World War it was a popular, luxurious theatre in the centre of the vibrant Jewish neighbourhood. Nazi occupiers turned the theatre into a prison and a deportation centre.
Between 1942 and 1943 around 80.000 Jews were obliged to report here before being deported. Today an exhibition and a memorial commemorate the victims from the holocaust and honours the memories of the innocent and frightened people that were held here against their will.
Tulips with wishes for a better future from schoolchildren.
Commemorative gatherings are often held here, both on a local and on a national scale.
On the first floor you'll find an exhibit on the persecution of Jews in The Netherlands during the Second World War.
The impressive and ever growing Digital Monument to the Jewish Community contains all names of Dutch victims of the holocaust and connects it to more and more information. A stunning accomplishment giving background and sometimes faces to people who were first anonymous victims